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Centaurea calcitrapa

Centaurea calcitrapa
著作権: philippe hornus (amanengone) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 188 W: 54 N: 412] (2113)
ジャンル: Plants
メディア: カラー
撮影した年: 2015-08-12
カテゴリー: Flowers
カメラ: Olympus OM D EM1, Zuiko 40-150 3,5-4,5
Exposure: f/13.0, 1/500 seconds
More Photo Info: [view]
Map: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
アップロードした日: 2016-12-14 17:46
ページビュー: 1396
ポイント: 4
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The topic

Centaurea calcitrapa ((Linnaeus, 1753)

This floral species os often known as red star-thistle or purple starthistle. It is a very common plant in Europe.

Phyllogenetic classification (According Tolweb and Classification phylogテゥnテゥtique du vivant 窶 in Lecointre & Le Guyader 窶 2016 edition)

Biota / Eukaryotes / Archaeplastida (Plantae) / Plasmodesmophytes / Green plants / Metabiontes / Chlorobiontes / Streptophyta / Phragmoplastophytes / Plasmodemophytes / Parenchymophytes / Embryophytes / Stomatophytes / Hemitracheophytes / Polysporangiophytes / Euphyllophytes / Spermatopsida /Angiosperms / 窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ/ 窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ / 窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ. / Eudicots / 窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ / 窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ / Core Eudicots / 窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ / Asterids / Euasterids / Campanulids / 窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ.. / Asterales / Asteraceae / Carduoideae / Cardueae / Carduinae / Centaurinae / 窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ/ 窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ / 窶ヲ窶ヲ窶ヲ. / Centaurea / Centaurea calcitrapa

A few information on the plant

Characters of this plant:

窶「 Biannual or annual plant, thorny, size around one meter plus
窶「 Grooved and hairless stem is upright ; it is extremely ramified
窶「 Cauline leaves are pinnatisected ; ramifications quite linear
窶「 Strong root system allowing the plant to survive from one year to another and to accept very dry condition all along his life
窶「 Spiny involucre with basal spinlets
窶「 White to purple capitulate of flowers
窶「 Florets linked in capitulum, actinomorphic with five petals
窶「 Calyx from the peripheral florets more or less asymmetric with five petals, the external one greater
窶「 Extremely profuse plant, without any IUCN status.


窶「 Links

o Carl von Linnaeus - Species Plantarum - The starting point for the naming of plants
o French Wikipedia for Centaurea calcitrapa
o English Wikipedia for Centaurea calcitrapa
o Deutsh Wikipedia for Centaurea calcitrapa
o French database on botanic (strongly comprehensive) - Centaurea calcitrapa
o Database from the French National Museum of Paris - for Centaurea calcitrapa
o Database 窶弋ropicos窶 from the Missouri Botanical Garden
o Between sea, stream and earth, the ツォ Domaine de la Palissade ツサ - A conservatory area of interest

窶「 Further readings

o Flore complティte portative de la France, de la Suisse et de la Belgique by Gaston Bonnier and Georges de Layens 窶 Scanned document of the ツォ Real Jardin Botテnico ツサ in Madrid
o Grande flore en couleur by Gaston Bonnier and Georges de Layens 窶 Scanned document of the ツォ Real Jardin Botテnico ツサ in Madrid
o o Flore descriptive et illustrテゥe de la France, de la Corse et des contrテゥes limitrophes by Hippolyte-Jacques Coste (Abbテゥ) 窶 Scanned document of the ツォ Real Jardin Botテnico ツサ in Madrid
o Flore des champs cultivテゥs 窶 Philippe Jauzein 窶 Quae テゥdition
o Botanique systテゥmatique et appliquテゥe des plantes テ fleurs 窶 Michel Botineau 窶 Lavoisier テゥditions
o Prテゥcis de Sciences Biologiques 窶 Botanique 窶 P.P.Grassテゥ et autres
o Classification phylogテゥnテゥtique du vivant 窶 G.Lecointre et H.Le Guyader 窶 Tomes 1 et 2 窶 Belin テゥditeur


窶「 Date of shooting 12/08/2015 13:49:50
窶「 Place of shooting Rテゥserve de biodiversitテゥ 窶 Domaine de la Palissade - France
窶「 Latitude 43.37587 N
窶「 Longitude 04.81053 E

窶「 Camera

o Objectif ZUIKO MinFocalLength 40 MaxFocalLength 150 Aperture 1: 2,8 - 3,5

窶「 Picture Specification窶冱

o ImageWidth 4640
o ImageLength 3472
o BitsPerSample 16
o Compression Uncompressed
o Orientation Horizontal

窶「 Shooting condition窶冱

o Light source Auto
o Metering mode Multi segment
o Picture mode Vivid
o Exposure mode Aperture priority
o Focus mode Manual
o Focus process AF used
o Aperture f/13
o ExposureTime 1/500
o ISO Speed Rating 500
o FocalLength 150
o White Balance Temp Auto
o Noise Reduction 0
o Shading Compensation off
o Contrast normal
o Saturation normal
o Sharpness normal
o Mode image Natural

Raw treatement

窶「 Formation au post-traitement numテゥrique - A voir

窶「 Developpment of the raw file Olympus (*.orf) with DxO OpticsPro 11

窶「 Colour

o White Balance Temperature 4903 K 窶 Teinte 0
o Colour窶冱 Accentuation vibrance 0 saturation 0
o Colour窶冱 rebdering Referenced camera - Intensity 100 窶 Saturated colours protection 窶 20
o TSL none

窶「 Light

o Compensation exposition none
o DxO smart lighting light 窶 Intensity 25
o Tonalitテゥ sテゥlective none
o DxO clear view none
o Contraste none
o Courbe des tons none
o Vignetage Auto, basテゥ sur module optique dテゥcelテゥ 窶 Intensitテゥ 100 窶 Prテゥservation 50

窶「 Details

o Noise reduction prime luminance 40 窶 chrominance 100 窶 Basse frテゥquence 75 窶 Pixel
Morts 24
o Nettetテゥ de l窶冩ptique Globale 0.00 窶 Dテゥtails 50 窶 Bokeh 50
o Aberration chromatique Auto 窶 Latテゥrales 窶 Intensitテゥ 100 窶 Taille 6 窶 Franges violettes OK
o Masque de nettetテゥ Intensitテゥ 100 窶 Rayon 0.50 窶 Seuil 4 窶 Bords 0

窶「 Recadrage

o Horizon 0.00ツー
o Recadrage Manuel, sans contrainte 窶 Rapport tailles 4/3
o Recroping area of 4608 x 3456 px off 4608 x 3456 px

Post treatment

窶「 Tif file edition corel paintshop pro
窶「 Re cropping area of 1575 x 1575 px off 4608 x 3456 px
窶「 Sharpness improvement
窶「 Improvement of the contrast
窶「 Re sizing compatible with Treknature (max 800x800 窶 maximum size 300K)
窶「 Publication jpg 窶 compression mode : normal - intensity 10 窶 mode YCbCr 1x1 1x1 1x1

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  • Great 
  • tuslaw Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2735 W: 280 N: 4913] (19848)
  • [2016-12-15 18:09]

Hello Philippe,
What a neat close-up of this beautiful bloom. Sharply focused giving us a great look at its intricate features. I love the bright cheerful colors and the overall composition. Plenty of DOF and just the right amount of exposure.

  • Great 
  • lousat Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6026 W: 89 N: 15134] (63411)
  • [2016-12-16 14:12]

Salut Philippe,absolument magnifique cette prise de vue qui regarde dans le coeur du fleurs,details et couleurs de haut niveay,super! Bon WE et merci,Luciano

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