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|According to what I promised yesterday, today I want to present you a very special place - The Magura Cave. I know that it's not strictly nature (however animals are pictured here) but I think you may forgive me this.|
The Magura cave is in the Northwest of Bulgaria, some 200km from Sofia, 25km away from the town of Belogradchik, 1.5km from the vollage of Rabisha, and 35km southwest of the town of Vidin on the Danube.
It is hollowed out in the Rabisha hill limestone (461m above sea level). The Magura is one of the largest caves in Bulgaria. The total length of the galleries discovered till now is about 2,500m.
It consists of one main gallery (Tryumphal Hall - on the picture) pointing southeast northwest and three side branches. The cave halls are enormous in size. Each one is over 200m long, more than 50m wide and over 20m high.
Rabisha hill is built up of Aptian Urgonian limestones. The Magura cave's formation has started some 15 million years ago, the cave is hollowed by Tortonian river.
There are many fantastic formations - stalactites, stalagmites, stalactones, cave pearls, "cave milk". Some of them are impressive both with their beauty and size. "The Big Stalactone" is over 20m high and has a diameter of 4m at its base. "The Fallen Pine" is the biggest stalagmite in the Bulgarian caves explored till now. It is over 11m long and has a diameter of 6m at its base.
The first traces of human life in the caves date back to a period 12,000 years ago. In the explored cultural layer are distinguished several strata of dwellings - traces of fireplaces, ovens and tools made of stone, bone, metal and ceramics. Bones of cave bear, cave hyena, wild horse, ox, deer, etc were found there too.
This cave is famous for its so-called Picture Gallery with 2,800 years old unique paintings on stone, done in bat guano. They are multi layered and come from different epochs - The Epupaleolith, The Neolith, The Eneolith, the beginning of The Early Bronze Age.The paintings in the 'Magura' cave represent dancing women,dancing and hunting men,disguised men,large variety of animals,suns,stars,instruments of labour,plants etc. The Solar calendar from The Late Eneolith and some later additions, made during The Early Bronze age are quite accurate. Through pictures information about religous events and feasts along with their smbols and particular personages were saved.
Some of the images are very complex compositions and hint about the diversity of ideas in a world extremely rich in intelectual and spiritual aspect. The 'Magura' drawings define its function as a temple for a long period of time - from The Neolith till The Iron age.
Magura Cave 1
Magura Cave 2
Athila, Janice, sandpiper2, sgo, marhowie, livios, ddg, sily has marked this note useful
Only registered TrekNature members may rate photo notes.
- [2005-11-16 21:51]
VERY VERY INTERESTING MICHAL !
That's an excellent subject. However, you did it the easy digital way while they did it the hard way by handpainting. I like the idea to do a collage here to share more than one image. I'd love the see one of these caves one of these days.
Nice picture and TFS.
- [2005-11-16 22:10]
This is soooo interesting Michal. All that ancient history, and I enjoy seeing these these drawings so much. I'd love to go there and see them. This is an excellent display, THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR SHARING!!
A very interesting image and great historical note, an enjoyable read.
I like the collage around the cave. The art is very interesting. If only the walls could speak, they have seen so many lives go by and leave their mark.
- [2005-11-17 8:49]
A very interesting assembly of pictures from our pre-history in such a unique setting of caves. The very instructive information also adds surplus value to your contribution. Many thanks for a glimpse into this world!
This is a great post Michal. I like very much how you've shot the WA view of the cave along with these very good closeup insets. This 2800 year old artwork has left a story in pictures that has told us who they were, how they lived. Very well done! Thank You.
- [2005-11-17 10:02]
Michal, no doubt this is worthwhile posting.
I like the idea a lot. Besides, thanks a lot for the note and sharing these images with us.
- [2005-11-17 14:01]
Excellent presentation. The b/w works very well. Well done & TFS!
- [2005-11-24 3:14]
Michal bonjour, tr駸 bonne id馥 d'avoir mis sur TN cette splendide composition d'art graphique datant 12000 ans!! Les repr駸entations de danses sont superbes. Mes f駘icitations, Didier.
- [2007-05-12 20:01]
Amazing and fascinating, I love your presentation!